One might ask yourself what is appropriate when you decide to renovate an old Art & Crafts apartment for modern living. My first instinct is always to better utilize unnecessary circulation space. In this case I managed to gain an entire room, by turning the existing passages into kitchen / scullery / laundry. Services and natural daylight became a challenge that had to be dealt with cleverly, as well as maximizing the use of every square centimeter. Creative expression through the use of traditional as well as contemporary materials and shapes resulted in a concept that works ergonomically as well as aesthetically.